Corona Virus is a deadly virus that is already affecting thousands of people around the globe, including Australia. The thing to note here is that the places that are dirty and polluted are more prone to this virus, which is why it is important for businesses and commercials to maintain proper cleaning at their places in order to protect their employees, staff and family from getting infected by this fatal virus.
Make sure to hire a professional commercial cleaning agency for regular cleaning of your workplace and home in Australia.
What is CoronaVirus? – The Facts
A CoronaVirus is a type of virus that can infect the respiratory tract. This includes the nose, mouth, throat, sinuses, or lungs. There are many types of CoronaViruses, and most of them cause only mild illnesses such as the common colds. Some CoronaViruses can cause severe diseases.
The most likely way people can become infected is by droplets that contain the virus. These droplets carry the virus into the air and can enter through the nose, mouth, throat, and lungs of a person who is within six feet or two meters.
The virus infects the lungs causing the lungs to become inflamed. The alveolar sacs have to be healthy for the body to breathe in oxygen and breathe out carbon dioxide.
Infection of the virus causes damage to the cells of the lungs and triggers an inflammatory reaction. Fever may develop. With severe inflammation, inflammatory fluids fill the lungs. This reduces the function of alveoli resulting in coughing and difficulty in breathing.
The oxygen level in the blood may decrease. In some people who become severely ill, other organs may be affected, such as the kidneys or the heart.
Types of CoronaViruses
Some types of CoronaViruses that can cause severe disease includes:
- SARS (Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome CoronaVirus) – was first identified in China in 2002
- MERS (Middle East Respiratory Syndrome CoronaVirus) – was identified in Saudi Arabia in 2012
- Novel CoronaVirus – was identified in China in 2019
It initially occurred in a group of people with Pneumonia who had been associated with seafood and live animal market in the city of Wuhan. The disease has since spread from those who were sick to others, including family members and health care staff.
There are many cases at present, and the disease has spread within China and also to several other countries
Keep in mind that this is a new virus. What is known about the virus now might change in the future?
Where Did The CoronaVirus Come From?
It is known that CoronaVirus circulates in a range of animals. Sometimes these viruses can make a jump from animals to humans. This is called spillover. It could be due to a variety of factors such as a mutation in the virus or increase contact between human and animals.
What You Should Do To Reduce The Chance of Getting The CoronaVirus
WHO recommends the following to protect ourselves from Coronavirus:
- Regularly wash your hands with soap and water or an alcohol-based hand sanitiser. Wash your hands after caring for the sick. Before, during, and after you prepare your food. Before eating and after toilet use, and after handling animals and animal’s waste. Wash it at least for twenty seconds. If you do not have access to water or soap, you can always use alcohol.
- Avoid touching your face as much as you can. Hands carry so many germs, and they get in through your mucous membrane. That is through your eyes, nose, and mouth.
- Cover your nose and mouth when coughing and sneezing with tissue, sleeve or flexed elbow.
- Throw tissue into a closed bin after use — clean hands after coughing or sneezing. The virus can survive for fifteen minutes on the tissue. The viruses can stay on door surfaces for more than twenty-four hours.
- Wear a mask. Masks should not be touched or handled during use. If the mask gets wet or dirty with secretions, it must be changed immediately.
- Discard the mask after use and perform hand hygiene after you take off your mask.
- Avoid close contact with anyone with cold or flu-like symptoms. Some patients may already be harbouring the virus and still have no symptoms. Try to maintain a gap of at least 2 meters.
- If you are not feeling well, stay at home even if it is for something mild like a common cold. Stay at home and reduce the risk of spreading the virus and keep your community safe.
- If you use a public workspace, give it a quick wipe. Wipe the area that you are going to use for work. It can make a significant difference. For businesses, hiring a professional COVID-19 Cleaning Services will be your best option to keep your workspace safe and sanitized all the time.
- Surgical facemasks show that they help in preventing hand-to-mouth transition. However, routine surgical facemasks are not sufficient for airborne viruses because they are loose-fitting and have no air filter.
- Thoroughly cook meat and eggs.
- Avoid unprotected contact with live, wild, or farm animals.
- Avoid contact with stray animal’s waste and fluids when shopping in the wet market.
- If you have fever, cough, and difficulty in breathing, seek medical care early. Share previous travel history with your doctor.
- Avoid public transportation if you are sick.
- Avoid travelling if you have fever and cough.
- Inform the crew and seek medical care immediately if you become sick while travelling.
- Avoid spitting in public.
- Practice food safety. Sick animals and animals that have died of diseases should not be eaten.
- Infants, the elderly, people with other medical problems such as diabetes, heart disease, chronic lung disease have higher risks of dying. These protected groups should stay indoors if there is no pressing need to be outside.
How is the Virus Transmitted?
There are four different levels that we categorize the spread of diseases.
- Sporadic – it means that we have an infrequent or a regular number of cases that we see.
- Endemic – there is a constant presence and a usual prevalence within a particular geographic area
- Epidemic – it means we have a sudden increase in the number of cases for a specific area.
- Pandemic – it means worldwide outbreak over either several countries or several continents
The outbreak of Novel CoronaVirus began in Wuhan, China, in December of 2019. They first notified the World Health Organization on December 31st. They believe that the virus initially spread from animal to human, but they think now that it is now human to human infection. Obviously, it has spread within China, but we also have seen the spread to multiple countries outside of China.
Except for Thailand, every other country that has the cases of this particular CoronaVirus are in the single-digit numbers. Still, it spread to just about every continent including North America, Australia and Europe.
The CDC believes that this is a severe public health threat. Overall, between China and the rest of the countries around the world, we have 4,500 cases. Of those cases, 106 deaths were reported.
These numbers are continually changing, and all this information is up-to-date as of January 28th. Based on the number presented, this virus is less severe than SARS and significantly less than MERS. With Novel CoronaVirus, we are looking at about a three per cent mortality rate.
The actual transmission can be coming from the infected animal. Now, we believe that we have human to human transmission. It spread through droplets that come into contact with either a person’s nasal cavity, mouth cavity, or eyes. Coughing and sneezing are going to spread this. It can spread out to six feet away.
From there, the virus can survive on surfaces. The virus has a protein shell that allows it to survive up to five days on various surfaces.
You will have a higher risk of transmission if you are in a closed environment. When somebody contracts this virus, there is an incubation period which is between two to fourteen days. Up to two weeks, a person begins to have symptoms of the infection.
Unfortunately, it is believed to be contagious during this period before a person shows the symptoms. All the preventative measures could still allow somebody who is infected to slip past.
Symptoms of Novel CoronaVirus
With this virus, the symptoms mimic the flu. The numbers to be presented here are coming from The Lancet, which is based on a couple of studies recently that just came out of China. These are looking at a limited number of patients.
- Fever – about ninety-eight per cent of the patients with this virus was presented with fever.
- Cough – we have seventy-six per cent had this
- Dyspnea or difficulty breathing – fifty-five per cent of the patients
- Fatigue – forty-four per cent
- Sputum production – twenty-eight per cent
There were some other symptoms reported, but those came about in small numbers. It is potentially difficult to identify if a patient caught the flu or has been infected by CoronaVirus.
As the illness progresses, it can cause a severe lower respiratory infection, also known as Pneumonia. This virus has a slow progression.
When to Have Yourself Checked?
Have yourself check if you already observe the symptoms described above or if you had fallen to the following criteria:
- If you travelled to Wuhan, China in the past fourteen days
- You had close contact (within 6 feet) with known infected patients
- Exposure to a health care facility where a known infected person has been treated
- Develops an unusual or unexpected deterioration despite the appropriate treatment
There is a laboratory testing that can confirm this infection, but currently, this is only available at the CDC.
Treatment of Patients
CoronaViruses are notoriously hard viruses. They hide very well from our immune system, and we do not have any reliable vaccines or treatments for them. This does not mean that vaccines are impossible. China has sequenced the genetic code of this particular virus.
Still, because of the fact that we do not have a specific vaccine or reliable treatment, our primary treatment will be revolving around primary symptoms management. These will include:
- Avoiding antipyretics
- Patients should be hydrated
- Oxygen treatment for Hypoxemia
It is too early to know if there are any effective treatment options when it comes to these antiviral medications. Our big focus is on supportive therapy.
The big takeaway with all these is that we want to ensure that we are doing everything we can to prevent the spread of this virus and contain this outbreak.
According to the CDC, right now, our concern for more significant problems is pretty low. A lot of people have been comparing this to the flu virus, and this is not a fair comparison. The intention marginalizes the fear that some people have from this virus. The situation with these viruses is quite different from the flu.
The numbers that we are talking about are pretty insignificant compared to the number of people who are infected with the flu. The people’s biggest fear is if things were to become more transmissible, and we started to see the virus spreading easier, which happened in the past. The CDC and WHO are doing everything they can to try and contain the outbreak.
Let us just do what is best for ourselves. I hope you enjoyed all this information. I hope this gave you what you were looking for and some more information about this virus and what we are going to do when we come across someone who is already infected. Please remember that this is a developing situation. Every day, we are learning more about CoronaVirus.
Hire Deep Cleaning Services To Reduce The Chance of Getting The Virus
Businesses are highly likely to be affected by this spread. As a business owner, your primary goal is to protect your employees and customers alike. Australia is not exempted from this virus. You must hire a trusted deep cleaning company to reduce the chance of getting the virus. Leave me a comment. Let me know what you think about this.